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Overview of the Bonds Market


FGN Bonds are Debt instruments or contracts issued by the Federal Government of Nigeria for an agreed period of time. The investor lends an amount of money to the government and earns interest on the investment until the maturity of the bond when the initial payments will be returned.


The Federal Government has been issuing the FGN bonds series since 2003. Trading of FGN bonds began in 2006 with the Government appointing 20 PDMMs (Primary Dealers/ Market Makers) of which Zenith Bank is one of them.FGN bonds currently have maturities ranging from 2years to 20years.The interests earned on these bonds are called coupons and are paid semi-annually though they can be paid quarterly and annually. The minimum investment in FGN bond at the auction is N10, 000 (Ten Thousand Naira) per bond maturity.


FGN bonds trade in both the primary market and secondary market. The primary market is where bonds are initially bided for at auctions organized by the Debt Management Office (DMO). This auction usually takes place on the third Wednesday of every month and investors interested in the primary auction can only bid through PDMMs (Zenith Bank). Forms are available on the DMO website: www.dmo.gov.ng.


The secondary market is for subsequent trading of the bonds. This market is liquid and with large volumes of bonds available. Investors still go through PDMMs. At this point the PDMMs and investors agree on the yield on the bond in question.


All monetary transactions on bonds are done through the CSCS (Central Securities Clearing System) and settlements of transactions are done T+ 2 working days. All investors are required to have this account.


Facts and Background of Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) Bonds


The Nigeria Bonds market officially commenced in 1946 with the issue of the Nigerian Government registered stocks. This evolved into the Federal Republic of Nigeria Development Loan Stock (a.k.a. FRNDS) in 1963. Issues were suspended in 1987 but rejuvenated in 2003 with the 1st FGN Bonds series. We are currently over the 7TH FGN Bond Series.


The Debt Management Office (DMO) was set-up in October 2000 while the Act establishing it came into force in June 2003. The Federal Government of Nigeria set up the Debt Management Office (DMO) with the mandate to restructure both external and internal debt in order to minimize the cost of financing its projects and maximize returns within an acceptable risk profile.


In terms of domestic debt, the objective for the DMO is to ease up repayment obligation and budgetary pressure on the Federal Government, by restructuring funding of: local debts (owed to contractors as well as pension liabilities); infrastructural projects; and fiscal deficit from short-term (1 year or less) using Treasury Bills, to long-term (over 2 years) using FGN Bonds.



Other reasons adduced for the introduction of FGN Bonds include:

  • 1. To provide benchmark instruments that would lead to private sector issuance of longer term instruments

  • 2.To encourage long-term savings

  • 3.To assist in the development and reform of the pension fund sector.

Benefits to the FGN Bond Holder:

  • 1. Tax free Income: interest received on FGN Bonds is not subject to withholding tax, company income tax, etc.
  • 2. High and stable returns
  • 3. Free from default risk: repayment is guaranteed at the maturity of the FGN Bond
  • 4. Collateral for borrowing: the FGN Bond can be used as collateral to raise financing.
  • 5. Easily Tradable as it has a unique quality of being quoted on the Nigerian Stock Exchange and can also be traded over the counter (OTC)
CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA
THE CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA
Pursuant to the Debt Management Office (Establishment) Act 2003 and the Local Loans (Registered Stock and Securities) Act (Cap 214) LFN 1990
on the authority of the
DEBT MANAGEMENT OFFICE
on behalf of the
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT OF NIGERIA
Offers for Subscription by Auction and is authorized to receive applications for

N15,000,000,000 - 4.00% FGN APR 2015 (5-Yr Re-opening)*
N35,000,000,000 - 15.10% FGN APR 2017 (5-Yr Re-opening)*
N25,000,000,000 - 16.00% FGN JUN 2019 (7-Yr Re-opening)*
N35,000,000,000 - 10.00% FGN JUL 2030 (20-Yr Re-opening)*

 

Auction Date: May 15, 2013

Settlement Date: May 17, 2013

 

SUMMARY OF THE OFFER

Issuer

Federal Government of Nigeria ("FGN")


Units of Sale

N1,000 per unit subject to a minimum subscription of N10,000 and in multiples of N1,000 thereafter


Interest Rate

For New Issues, the marginal rate that clears the volume being auctioned, or the highest accepted rate, becomes the coupon of the issue.


For Re-openings of previously issued bonds, (where the coupon is already set), successful bidders will pay a price corresponding to the yield-to-maturity bid that clears the volume being auctioned, plus accrued interest from the original issue date.


Interest Payment

Payable semi-annually


Redemption

Bullet repayment on the maturity date


Status

1. Qualifies as securities in which trustees can invest under the Trustee Investment Act
2. Qualifies as Government securities within the meaning of Company Income Tax Act ("CITA") and Personal Income Tax Act ("PITA") for Tax Exemption for Pension Funds amongst other investors
3. Listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange
4. All FGN Bonds qualify as liquid assets for liquidity ratio calculation for banks


Security

FGN Bonds are backed by the full faith and credit of the Federal Government of Nigeria and are charged upon the general assets of Nigeria


Interested Investors Should Contact Offices Of Any Of The Following Primary Dealer Market Makers (Pdmms):

Access Bank Plc.
Associated Discount House Ltd.
CitiBank Nigeria Ltd. (Citigroup)
Consolidated Discounts Ltd.
Diamond Bank Plc.
Ecobank Nigeria Plc.
Express Discount Ltd.
Fidelity Bank Plc.
First Bank of Nigeria Plc.
First City Monument Bank Plc.
First Securities Discount House Ltd.
Guaranty Trust Bank Plc.
Kakawa Discount House Ltd.
Stanbic IBTC Bank Plc.
Standard Chartered Bank Nigeria Ltd.
Union Bank of Nigeria Plc.
United Bank for Africa Plc.
Zenith Bank Plc.

Peter Amangbo

Mr Amangbo is an Executive Director in the Bank. He graduated with a B.Eng. in Electrical/Electronics from University of Benin in 1988 and holds an MBA. He worked in PricewaterHouseCoopers, before moving over to Zenith Bank Plc in 1993.

 

He has over 16years postgraduate experience out of which he spent 12years in the banking industry and 4years experience in PricewaterHouseCoopers.

 

Frequestly Asked Questions on FGN Bonds


Q. What is a bond?
A.  A bond is a contract between a lender and a borrower, whereby the borrower agrees to pay the lender interest and repay principal at stipulated periods. It's similar to an IOU, issued by the Government or an institution as a way of raising funds for particular projects. Bonds have a minimum tenor of over a year.
Q. Who are the issuers of bonds?

A. Bonds can be issued by either a Government (Federal, State or Local government) or a Corporate Entity. These are the borrowers to the bond issues.

Q. Who are the investors in bonds?

A. Anyone can invest in a bond. They can be individuals or corporate bodies. They are the lenders to the issuer (Bondholders)

Q. What is a coupon?

A. Coupon represents the interest payment that the investor in a bond receives as interest payment for investing in a bond. It's normally paid semi-annually, but can be paid monthly, quarterly or annually.

Q. Do I pay tax on my coupon payment?

A. Coupon payment is Tax Free in Nigeria.

Q. What is a bond's maturity date?

A. This is the date when the issuer of the bond will repay the investor the principal amount borrowed and the final interest payment.

Q. What is the term to maturity of a bond?

A. This is the number of years remaining for an already issued bond to mature

Q. What is an indenture?

A. This is a document containing the terms and conditions binding both parties (Issuer and Investor) to a bond issue.

Q. Who is a trustee?

A. They are appointed to represent the interest of the bondholders, to ensure that the promises of the issuer in the indenture are fulfilled

Q. What are affirmative covenants?

A. These are activities that the issuer promises to do, e.g. pay coupon and principal timely

Q. What are negative covenants?

A. These are restrictions on the issuer's activities, e.g. the inability to incur additional debt while bond has not been redeemed

Q. What are option free bonds?

A. Option free bonds are bonds that do not have any special features in the indenture, allowing the issuer recall the bonds early or the investor to return the bonds before maturity

Q.What are embedded bonds?

A. These are bonds that have special features embedded in their indenture, which gives the issuer or investor the right to take certain actions against the other party.

Q.Is it possible to buy bonds in-between coupon date? ?

A. Bonds can be purchased between coupon periods, as long as the accrued interest is paid to the seller of the bonds. This accrued interest is known as the Dirty Price of the bonds.

Q. Who gets the coupon for a bond sold in-between coupon dates?

A. The coupon goes to the holder of the bonds on the register closure date.

Q. What is the impact of a bond's yield's on bond prices?

A. Bonds prices and yields have an inverse relationship. The higher the price the lower the yield and vice versa.

Q. What are the factors that can affect the price of a bond?

A. The price of a bond is affected by the yield in the market. Yields are affected by interest rates, which in turn are affected by various economic factors like, inflation, government's lending rate, exchange rate, government polices, political stability and other macro economic variables.

Q. What factors can affect the bond market?

A.
a. The credit status of the issuer
b. The forces of demand & supply of such securities
c. The inflation and interest rate movements
d. Activities and performances of the equities market.

Q. What are the benefits of holding bonds in my portfolio?

A. Bonds are otherwise known as fixed income securities. It's ensures that the investor has guaranteed returns on its investment for a definite period of time. It also assists investors and fund managers in diversifying their portfolio.

Q. How do I invest in the FGN Bonds?

A. The primary auction where the bonds are freshly issued, usually takes place on the third Wednesday of every month. Investors interested in the primary auction can only bid through primary dealers/market a maker (PD/MMs) of which Zenith Bank is one of them. Minimum investment is N10, 000. The secondary market is for subsequent trading and is open from 10am to 2pm Monday to Friday. The minimum investments are 50 million and 100 million per transaction.

Q. Do I have to come to the Zenith Bank Head Office to invest in FGN bonds?

A. You don't have to come to the Head Office to invest in Federal Government Bonds; you can go through your branch. If you are not a Zenith Bank account holder, we would require you to fill a KYC (Know Your Customer) form first before we purchase the bonds on your behalf.

Q. What volumes of these bonds trade in the primary and secondary market?

A. The minimum investment in FGN bond at the primary market is N10, 000 (Ten Thousand Naira) per bond maturity In the secondary market, bonds with less than 75 billion in issue trade at 50million per transaction while bonds with more than 75 billion in issue trade at 100million per transaction.

Q. Upon purchase of the bond, how long can I wait before I can convert it to cash?

A. You can convert it to cash by calling on any appointed primary dealer/market maker who are mandated to give two-way price(Bid & Offer) in all FGN Bonds. Amounts below the stated volumes of 50million and 100million are generally illiquid in the secondary market and are sold on a best effort basis.

Q. Is the interest payment on Bond accrued on yearly basis or twice a year?

A. All FGN Bonds pay coupon (interest) semi-annually i.e. twice a year.

Q. How do I receive my interest payments and interest at maturity?

A. Interest and principal amounts will be credited to the holder's bank account.

Q. Can my interest be rolled over and added to my initial investment?

A. The coupon is not rolled over or used to top up the original investment. It will be paid into the account stated on the auction application form.


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ZENB Indicative FGN Bond Prices/Yield as at

14th APRIL, 2014

 

ISSUE
DATE

MATURITY
DATE

ISSUE TENOR (YRS) TERM TO MATURITY (Yrs) %COUPON Price Yield
Bid % Offer % Bid % Offer %

4.00% FGN APR 2015         (7THFGN BOND SERIES 2)

23-Apr-10

23-Apr-15

5

1.02

4.00

91.50

91.65

13.23%

13.06%

10.00% FGN JUL 2030        (7THFGN BOND SERIES 3)

23-Jul-10

23-Jul-30

20

16.27

10.00

77.30

77.60

13.47%

13.41%

16.39% FGN JAN 2022        (9THFGN BOND SERIES 1)

27-Jan-12

27-Jan-22

10

7.79

16.39

115.90

116.20

13.06%

13.00%

15.10% FGN APR 2017       (9THFGN BOND SERIES 2)

27-Apr-12

27-Apr-17

5

3.04

15.10

104.70

105.00

13.16%

13.04%

16.00% FGN JUN 2019        (9THFGN BOND SERIES 3)

29-Jun-12

29-Jun-19

7

5.21

16.00

110.70

111.00

13.08%

13.01%

13.05% FGN AUG 2016       (10THFGN BOND SERIES 1)

16-Aug-13

16-Aug-16

3

2.34

13.05

99.85

100.00

13.10%

13.03%

14.20% FGN MAR 2024       (11THFGN BOND SERIES 1)

14-Mar-14

14-Mar-24

10

9.92

14.20

104.80

105.10

13.31%

13.25%

FGN Bonds Time Table

 

 

Debt Management Office (DMO) Auction Time Table:
FGN BOND ISSUANCE CALENDAR FOR THE (2ND) QUARTER , 2013

Auction Dates

 

Particulars

 

Apr. 17

Bond Name

   

16.00% FGN JUN 2019
(Re-opening)

16.39% FGN JAN 2022
(Re-opening)

10.00% FGN JUL
2030 (Re-opening)

 

Original Tenor

   

7-Year

10-Year

20-Year

 

Term-To-Maturity

   

6 Years, 2 Months

8 Years, 9 Months

17 Years, 4 Months

 

Range of Amount on Offer (N'
bil)

   

25-45

25-45

25-45

May. 15

Bond Name

15.10% FGN APR
2017 (Re-opening)
4.00% FGN APR
2015 (Re-opening)

16.00% FGN JUN 2019
(Re-opening)

 

10.00% FGN JUL
2030 (Re-opening)

 

Original Tenor

5-Year 5-Year

7-Year

 

20-Year

 

Term-To-Maturity

3 Years 11 Months 1 Year, 11 Months

6 Years, 1 Month

 

17 Years, 3 Months

 

Range of Amount on Offer (N'
bil)

25-45 10-20

20-30

 

25-45

Jun. 12

Bond Name

15.10% FGN APR
2017 (Re-opening)
4.00% FGN APR
2015 (Re-opening)

 

 

10.00% FGN JUL
2030 (Re-opening)

 

Original Tenor

5-Year 5-Year

 

 

20-Year

 

Term-To-Maturity

3 Years 10 Months 1 Year, 10 Months

 

 

17 Years, 2 Months

  Range of Amount on Offer (N'
bil)
25-45 25-45     25-45

 

Note:

Note: *The Calendar is provisional

 

 

DEBT MANAGEMENT OFFICE

NIGERIA

The Presidency

NDIC Building (1st Floor), Plot 447/448, Constitution Avenue, Central Business District,

PMB 532, Garki, Abuja

Tel: +234-9-6725629, +234-9-6791088, +234-9-6712769

Website: www.dmo.gov.ng


Auction Result for the 13.05% FGN AUG 2016 (Re-opening) & 10.00% FGN JUL 2030 (Re-opening)

13.05% FGN AUG 2016  10.00% FGN JUL 2030
Auction Date:  September 11, 2013 September 11, 2013
Settlement Date:  September 13, 2013 September 13, 2013
Maturity Dates:  August 16, 2016 July 23, 2030
Tenors:  3-Year 20-Year
Term-To-Maturity:  2 Years, 11 Months 16 Years, 10 Months
Amount Offered:  N35.00 billion N35.00 billion
Total Bids:  65 67
Successful Bids:  47 44
Subscription:  N39.47 billion N60.66 billion
Amount Allotted:  N25.47 billion N32.26 billion
Range of Bids:  12.0000% - 14.0000% 10.0812% - 15.9900%
Marginal Rates:  13.5000% 13.6900%

Successful bids for the 13.05% FGN AUG 2016 and 10.00% FGN JUL 2030 were all allotted at the Marginal Rates of 13.5000% and 13.6900%, respectively. However, the original coupon rates of 13.05% and 10.00% for the 13.05% FGN AUG 2016 and 10.00% FGN JUL 2030 will be maintained.

Udom Emmanuel

Mr. Emmanuel is a General Manager and Group Head of Income Optimisation, Financial Control & Strategic Planning Department. He holds a Bachelors degree in Accounting from the University of Lagos in 1988. He brings into the Management team many years of quality experience from PricewaterHouseCoopers and Diamond Bank Limited before moving over to Zenith Bank Plc in 1996.

 

He has over 16 years post graduate experience out of which he has 10 years of banking industry experience in addition to 6 years experience in PricewaterHouseCoopers.

For further enquires, please contact:

   
Dealing Lines 234-1-2783270-4
Reuters Code ZENB
   

Name

E-mail Address

Doris Anite

doris.anite@zenithbank.com

Chinyere Emuchay

chinyere.emuchay@zenithbank.com

Olawunmi Taiwo

olawunmi.taiwo@zenithbank.com
 
 
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